Uganda - Country Portait         

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  • Area: 241,550 square kilometres
  • Population: 38.823.000 (2018)
  • Independent: 09.10.1962
  • Capital: Kampala
  • Form of government: Presidantial system
  • Average life expectancy: (2017)
    • 62,4 years (female)
    • 58 years (male)
  • Illiteracy rate: 28,80% (2018)
  • Top three export goods: coffee, gold, grain
  • Known for: mountain gorillas

Uganda is situated in East Africa and borders to the countries Kenia, Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ruanda and Tanzania. It is located on a plateau 100 m above sea level. About 1/5 of the country is covered by seas and swamps. Because of its altitude, the normally tropical climate cools down to 25-30 degrees. Uganda is a multi-ethnic, like many other African countries. The 40 ethnical groups that result from different languages and cultures form two main groups: in the South the Bantu-tribes and in the North the Nilotic and Nilohamites. The population growth belongs to the highest in the world and ranks on position 9 according to the Human Development Index (HDI). Many of the Ugandans live below the poverty line as war and terror left their mark and still strain the nation. According to HDI figures, Uganda ranks on position 162 of 189 and belongs to the less developed countries worldwide. However, since Yoweri Museveni became the new president in 1986, Uganda could register some successful actions to reduce poverty. After many years of violent conflicts, Uganda developed to a stable nation. The country engages for peace and safety and advances the integration of South Africa.

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The country has very good conditions for agriculture and nearly every farmer can live from his own products. Additional important natural resources are copper, crude oil and cobalt. The Christianity is the biggest religion and counts for 77 per cent. The local cultural live is affected by an ethical and linguistic diversity. Most important components are music, dance and theatre just as arts and craft

Sources: Human Development Report 2017 (UN); Auswarrtiges Amt 2015; Liportal/GIZ; GIZ; 2010-2015 Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ); Wirtschaftskammer Österreich 2019; laenderdaten.info 2017; Welt in Zahlen 2019

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