Zambia - Country Portrait
- Area: 752,612 square kilometers
- Population: 16,591,000 (2016)
- Population density: approx. 18 inhabitants per square kilometer (compare USA: 229 inhabitants per square kilometer)
- Official language: English
- Independent: since 1964
- Capital: Lusaka
- Form of government: Presidential system (within the Commonwealth); Constitution from 1991
- Average life expectancy: 61,89 Jahre (2016)
- Illiteracy rate: 14.9 % (2015)
- Top 3 export goods: copper, cobalt, electricity
- Zambia is known for: the Victoria Falls
Zambia is a landlocked country in Southern Africa and is situated on the central African plateau; the capital Lusaka in the south lies at an altitude of about 1,300 meters. Due to its altitude, Zambia has a temperate, tropical climate.
Zambia is about the same size as the state of Texas and has over 14 million inhabitants. The average life expectancy of people is at almost 50 years, partly due to the high mortality as a result of the immune deficiency disease AIDS; the HIV infection rate by world standards is extremely high. The government of Zambia, however, heavily invests in the country's health sector, in particular in the fight against HIV and AIDS.
Despite the temperate climate, sufficient water resources, good soil, and abundant mineral resources such as copper, cobalt, and precious stones, Zambia is one of the poorest countries in the world. It ranks 163 out of 187 on the Human Development Index. 68.5% of the population lives on less than $1.25 per day. One reason for this is the country's solely one-sided economic development that for a long time focused almost exclusively on copper mining.
Zambians place their hope on tourism. Although mass tourism has not yet gained a foothold due to lack of infrastructure, natural attractions such as the numerous national parks and the famous Victoria Falls hold great potential. Probably the most famous Zambian sight, it is fed by the Zambezi River which gave the land its name. The animal and plant life in Zambia is particularly rich in species thanks to its geographical diversity.
Since education is the key to sustainable development, CmiA supports both the agricultural sector and the development of school infrastructure in the rural cotton growing areas together with its partners from the public and private sectors. This enables many children to have access to education .
Sources: Human Development Report 2013 (UN); Auswärtiges Amt 2014; World Development Indicators 2014;2010-2014 Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ) Digitale Kommunikation Referat L 5.